English (United Kingdom)
Sunday 25th of September 2016
Safety & Gear PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 04 October 2009 14:13

The safety of our clients and staff is our number one priority at X-Rock Climbing. We only use the very best equipment available on the market today and our staff are trained by experienced, highly trained instructors.. All our clients must first attend our Belay Safety Course where they will learn proper use of belay equipment, knot tying and basic top rope climbing. Personal responsibility and safe climbing practices are emphasized to ensure all clients a safe, fun and rewarding experience. This course is not only important for your safety and the safety of other climbers, but the skills learned give you a solid foundation of knowledge and confidence, so you get more out of your first and future climbing outings!

Injury Prevention
Climbing requires you to be in pretty good physical shape. Proper conditioning and warm ups take care of potential sprains, strains and other such injuries. It's most important for new climbers, who are particularly at risk for overuse, to enter the sport gradually. The demands on the entire body, from head to toe and in between, challenge areas that may not be used regularly. Develop a routine that allows for stretching of the arms, neck, shoulders, back and legs. These stretches should be done after a five to ten minute warm up period. Target the forearm and fingers by squeezing a worn-out tennis ball. Using rubber bands for resistance around the fingers is one more at-home exercise you can try. Basic push-ups and pull-ups to enhance upper body strength will go a long way toward helping you conquer a rock face.

Prepare Mentally
Mental preparation is a vital part of the climbing experience. Taking time before and after a climbing session to focus on relaxation can help with the mindset needed to achieve greater confidence and success. Recreational climbing can be exhilarating for the mind and body. Challenge yourself and your body, but be sure to proceed with tempered enthusiasm. X-Rock will run daily yoga classes as yoga and climbing compliment each other perfectly.

Gear up

Clothing. Wear proper clothing. But even as important, wear comfortable clothing. Many people prefer to climb in shorts and a T-shirt, though some wear tight Lycra pants. Find the most comfortable outfit for you. Just make sure that your clothing allows you to spread your legs wide enough so that you can reach different footholds.

helmetHelmets are one of the most important safety gear you, simply, they help prevent serious head injury and can save your life in the unlikely event of a fall.





Rope. The most common rope is called a "kernmantel," which has tightly woven nylon fibers over a loosely plaited core or a collection of straight fibers. Climbing ropes are made to absorb the force of a fall. To absorb the force of a fall, ropes must stretch. The ability of a rope to stretch is called the dynamic quality. Ropes stretch under impact force, but should remain static under a load. X-Rock will use only the best ropes on the market to ensure your safety is never at risk.



harnessClimbing Harness. Your climbing harness is a key piece of equipment for top rope climbing. The right harness for your type of climbing can improve both performance and safety. Most harnesses have loops to hang gear, quick draws, carabiners, belay devices or runners. Usually they have 3 to 5 loops. They are made of molded rubber/plastic or woven nylon. Climbing harnesses come with foam padding in the waist band and leg loops. The padding in these areas is well worth any extra cost. A wide waist band, especially in the back is also important. The purpose of the harness is to distribute the force of a fall to many points. The wider the waist band, the better the force is distributed.

harnessBelay Device. A belay system requires a belay device, harness, anchor, rope and belayer-climber team. The rope runs through either a ring, over a fixed bar, or through two opposed locking carabiners. The belayer stands at the bottom of the climb. It can be helpful to stand slightly to the right or left of the line from the top rope. This helps the belayer view the holds the climber is going for and helps him anticipate give and take of the climbing rope. As the climber moves the belayer must pay out rope through the belay device and be ready to catch a fall at any time. When/if the climber reaches the finish the belayer engages the belay device so it causes friction with the rope.

shoeClimbing Shoe.
All rock climbing shoes have sticky rubber on the sole and rand. The qualities of rubber vary. The difference in rubber characteristics is minor. Hard rubber will perform better for edging and small ledges. Soft sticky rubber performs better on face climbs. The sole of the shoe is several millimeters thick. The thickness varies to provide firmness or flexibility. Mid-sole is composed of a thin layer of material between the sole and the upper section of the shoe. The rock climbing shoe gets stiffness from the mid-sole. Heel Rand, thick piece of rubber that extends from the sole to the top of the heel. The heel rand is used during heel-hooking.